Sikhs are adherents of the monotheistic religion known as Sikhism. There are about 30 million Sikhs, most of them living in the North Indian state of Punjab. A 15th century saint Guru Nanak (1469-1539) is founder of Sikhism.
Sikhs are an enterprising people who have migrated in large numbers from India to Canada, USA, UK, Malaysia, Singapore and Australia. In the early years of the 20th century, many Sikhs migrated to the U.S., where they settled down as farmers in the central valley of California. Sikhs are also a martial race and large numbers have served with honor in the Indian army.
The word 'Sikh' means disciple in Punjabi, the language spoken by the Sikhs.
The holy book of the Sikhs is known as Guru Granth Sahib.
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Sikhism was established by ten prophet-teachers called Gurus over the period from 1469 to 1708. Each Guru added to and reinforced the message taught by the previous, resulting in the creation of Sikhism..